The CFO's Guide to Accelerating Collections
Collections is primed for digitization. Discover the power of an automated, collaborative collections process.
Less Resistance, More Collaboration. The CFO’s Guide to Accelerating Collections
April 26th, 2022
Collections is an area that's primed for digitization—and perhaps more importantly, transformation.
This ebook explores why the most important change businesses can make right now to increase their collections’ effectiveness is to adopt a more collaborative approach.
What to expect from the guide
Companies are increasingly adopting automated solutions that help them track AR processes, reduce errors, conduct robust analysis, and—crucially—engage customers throughout the entire invoice to payment lifecycle.
The most important change businesses can make right now to increase their collections’ effectiveness is to adopt a more collaborative approach. Continue reading to discover what that means, and the power an automated, collaborative collections process can have.
Accounts receivable (AR) is a vital part of running a successful business. After all, it’s the function that ensures the company gets paid. But problems with maintaining a streamlined and timely collections process are common, especially among businesses that continue to conduct this work manually.
Collaborative AR tools address a recurring problem that’s often behind these collection issues: the AR Disconnect. That is, the communication gap between a company’s AR department and its customers.
The traditional AR collections process is a one-way street: the company tells the customer what to pay, after which ensues a less-than-satisfying exchange of back-and-forths over phone and email. This lack of effective methods for customers to open a dialog about billing creates a frustrating dynamic that so often leads to delayed payments.
This results in your AR staff spending time chasing payments, less available cash on hand for the business, and a greater need to carry out confrontational collections tactics. All the while, if you had just been able to receive input from your customers, you might have resolved the issue much faster.
The most important change businesses can make right now to increase their collections’ effectiveness is to adopt a more collaborative approach.
This can be done by connecting your AR staff directly with your customers over the cloud. Customers who can engage in real-time discussions about the bill they’ve received and pay it in just a few clicks are more likely to pay on time.
Collections is an area that’s primed for digitization—and perhaps more importantly, transformation. Companies are increasingly adopting automated solutions that help them track AR processes, reduce errors, conduct robust analysis, and—crucially—engage customers throughout the entire invoice to payment lifecycle.
This guide will help you understand exactly what a collaborative approach to collections looks like.
6 major developments in collections management
The collections landscape has been shifting in recent years, with changes only accelerated by the increasing digitization of businesses during the COVID-19 pandemic.
There are 6 major recent developments in collections management, which include:
Automation has been the most profound change for collections in recent decades. This shift has been a major benefit to businesses, helping increase cash flow while decreasing resources spent on collections. AR teams can proactively notify customers of an approaching payment date with automated reminders instead of mailing a dunning letter, drafting an email, or getting a customer on the phone.
2. Improved cybersecurity
Increases in automated invoicing and collections have been accompanied by a greater—and very necessary—focus on cybersecurity. Cybersecurity is a greater focus for finance teams now that more third-party systems are available to partner with to handle AR processes. Companies that can handle cybersecurity in-house—or whose software partnerships enable them to control payment experiences more tightly—are more equipped to ensure that their systems are safe from cyberattacks.
3. AI-generated forecasting
Some AR teams are using artificial intelligence to generate cash flow forecasts instantaneously, a task that may take businesses days or weeks to do manually. Scenario-planning tools can indicate where finance teams need to be alert for cash gaps and employ strategic decision-making. With smart forecasting and AI and machine learning tools, you can leverage technology to predict when a customer is likely to pay and identify potential delinquent accounts early.
4. Integrations with ERPs and financial management systems
As more AR automation vendors have emerged, so have their integration capabilities. Most vendors offer some level of integration with popular enterprise resource planning (ERP) and financial management systems to simplify the task of data reconciliation. These integrations can extend the capabilities of businesses’ core accounting systems, providing added functions like invoice tracking, collections reminders, and automated cash application. Vendors are also focusing on enabling more integrations between accounts payable and accounts receivable portals to drive further efficiencies.
5. Payment digitization
In a post-COVID world where businesses can’t be sure which customers are in-office, AR teams can no longer rely on physical invoices, dunning letters, or collections calls. Instead, they’re turning their attention to digital tools to find ways to allow and encourage customers to pay online as quickly and easily as possible. There are tools out there that allow suppliers to present their invoices digitally and accept payment through a variety of methods online.
6. Strategic cash flow focus
Looking for further stability during the ongoing economic rollercoaster of the last few years, businesses are realizing that their accounts receivable function can be a strategic lever, rather than just a back-office operation. By focusing on digitizing activities like collections, AR teams can significantly influence cash flow. Other strategies teams are using to speed up cash flow include providing customers with discounts if they make an early payment.
The business impact of collections
When the collections process runs smoothly, businesses can count on steady cash flow and the ability to forecast into the future. This helps finance leaders make strategic decisions for current spending, plan for future growth, and see opportunities for improvement.
But as most finance teams can attest, collecting on receivables is often a bumpy ride.
There are two major areas of weakness in the traditional AR collections process. One is the ineffective execution of AR policies—that is, when AR professionals are not following through on collecting receivables in a timely manner. The other is the inefficiency of the collections process itself, where manual processes and siloed communications make it difficult for AR teams to track the status of collections.
According to a study by PYMNTS.com and American Express, firms that use manual processes to follow up on overdue payments take 67% longer to collect than those that employ automated AR tools. Nearly half of firms—49%—identify manual processes as one of the three most problematic elements in their AR management.
Businesses that don’t emphasize follow-through on overdue receivables are often those whose cultures prioritize sales. They are apt to extend credit to customers, offer them discounts, or waive payment requirements to get new sales on the books. Another reason behind companies’ failing to pursue collections in a timely manner could be their manual processes.
In either case, the result is sluggish collections, which effectively provides customers with free financing at the expense of the business’s bottom line. Money that your business would otherwise be able to invest in capital improvements, boosting shareholder dividends, or launching new products or services is instead captive on your balance sheet.
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Exploring the collections workflow
Any snags at any point in the receivables lifecycle can have potential downstream effects on your cash flow. A delay in customers’ receipt of their invoice delays their payment terms. A delay in applying payments can mean customers’ credit doesn’t get replenished, preventing them from making more purchases.
As you can see from the following chart, many elements of the collections workflow require communicating with customers, which is made far more effective with the use of collaborative AR processes.
Let’s take a closer look at the elements of the collections process that would most benefit from enhanced communication and collaboration with customers. These tend to be AR teams’ biggest sources of frustration in the collections process.
The methods companies use to collect on outstanding receivables run the gamut from paper letters to digitized communications. The options include dunning letters, emails, and collections calls. Automated processes have grown in popularity with finance teams in recent years, but only when you’ve bridged the AR Disconnect will such efforts bear the maximum fruit in terms of customer responsiveness.
Businesses need to be mindful of maximizing the return on their collection efforts. With only so many hours in the day, AR professionals must prioritize which accounts they engage with. For example, do you choose to prioritize the most overdue or delinquent accounts, or prioritize those with the highest outstanding dollar values?
At smaller companies, a single late payment can have detrimental effects on the business, so they’re likely to tackle overdue invoices with equal prioritization. At larger companies with more cushion for late payments and a high volume of overdue invoices, AR teams might only go after the payments that are worth their while. But relaxed collection policies such as these mean companies leave thousands of dollars on the table.
Making decisions on how to prioritize collections efforts using manual processes can be aggravating and imprecise. Collaborative AR software can help finance teams track all their overdue receivables, plan how to direct their attention and resources, and delegate follow-up to colleagues.
Tracking and reporting
AR teams must be adept at tracking and reporting on collections performance. To do this, it’s vital to know which metrics or key performance indicators (KPIs) to track. These might include AR turnover ratio, collection effectiveness index, or days sales outstanding (DSO).
In a survey of business and finance leaders conducted by Versapay, 56% of respondents identified days sales outstanding as one of their top three metrics to gauge AR performance. 52% named staff productivity as a top metric while 42% said collection effectiveness index.
But it’s not enough just to have these numbers. It’s also important to understand the factors that contribute to them, such as:
- The volume of past-due invoices your business is dealing with
- The number of delinquent accounts in your customer base
- The amount of customers with unapproved discounts
- How often your sales team overrides standard credit terms
Having a way to give your entire AR team transparency into the above can help you tackle collections more effectively because you’ll have the full context of what’s creating payment delays.
AR collections: manual vs. automated
Finance teams with a great deal of manual AR processes face a slew of challenges that those who are using automation don’t have to deal with. These challenges have downstream effects on the entire collections lifecycle.
Here’s a look into AR workflows when managed manually versus with collaborative AR automation:
How to accelerate receivables collection—a two-step process
Step 1: Get sales and finance on the same page
While automating some of your collections processes may help reduce the strain on your AR team, making your entire AR workflow more effective requires more than just automation.
The first step in accelerating AR collections is to have finance and sales collaborate on developing payment terms that work for both the company and your customers. These teams can also work together to define KPIs and metrics that will be the touchstones for assessing the success of your AR policies.
Sales and accounting can accelerate collections by collaborating on:
1. Methods for issuing credit
It’s important to carefully lay out and document policies for extending credit to customers and recovering debt. There may be circumstances in which overriding credit limits or placing accounts on hold is justified. Sales and accounting should agree on those parameters and be empowered to enforce them.
2. Processes for maintaining customer data
Your billing and collection systems should be set up to maintain customer information such as address, contact info, credit limits, payment terms, discounts, and tax rates. Ensuring the accuracy of this data is important for prompt invoicing and payment.
3. Invoicing and billing protocols
It’s vital for invoices to be accurate and consistent in look and feel, and have late-fee policies clearly spelled out. Without proper automation, companies can struggle in this area. And without specific protocols for generating invoices, things can get confusing fast, resulting in customer frustration, disputes, and missed payments.
4. Cash application processes
When payments come in the door, there must be a process in place to make sure they’re applied to the correct invoice. When doing this manually, errors are commonly introduced, which can result in false collections outreached or overlooked late payments.
A massive time-commitment is also needed for manual cash application, especially when dealing with thousands upon thousands of monthly invoices—all the more reason for your finance team to embrace AR automation.
5. Collections procedures
What good are your established procedures for collections if you don’t reliably enforce them? Many companies get tripped up by weak collections follow-through, which makes it difficult to determine which accounts are collectible and which are in danger of defaulting.
All these elements of the accounts receivable process can be made more effective with both appropriate automation and closer collaboration between Sales and Accounting.
Step 2: Collaborate with your customers over the cloud
Beyond your sales team, enhancing your AR team’s collaboration with customers can go a long way in streamlining your operations.
While embracing automation alone will ease some of the pains in your AR process, it won’t fix the issues that arise from the AR Disconnect. AR automation paired with an emphasis on customer collaboration can completely change your AR team’s approach to collections.
Here are some capabilities that automated, collaborative collections software can provide your team, and how they compare to traditional collections tactics:
The power of an automated, collaborative collections process
Collaborating more closely with your customers throughout the billing and collections process doesn’t just improve customer sentiment—it also boosts your business’ bottom line.
When you focus on AR automation paired with customer collaboration, you can expect:
Major efficiency improvements
Aligning your AR team and customers with common expectations and effective, real-time communications can make all the difference in turning a sluggish AR collections practice into a smart and efficient one.
Massive reductions in DSO
When customers feel that they are being respected, involved, and communicated to effectively, they are more likely to cooperate in resolving an outstanding bill. Collaborative AR processes tend to make customers more willing to engage, resulting in reduced DSO and improved cash flow.
Improved customer experience
In a recent Versapay survey, 95+% of respondents reported seeing customer experience as important in their AR process, with 50+% saying they see it as either very or extremely important. When you give customers a way to communicate any questions or issues with you involving their invoices and payments, collections become a much less adversarial experience.
Ultimately, the story is clear: collaboration is the key to faster, easier, and more satisfying collections processes. That’s why ditching manual AR processes in favor of collaborative AR automation processes has the following phenomenal effects:
Learn more about what Versapay can do to transform your processes, improve your bottom line, and make your customers’ lives easier at Versapay.com.
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Tips, techniques, and practices to get paid what you're owed.